SHEPHERDSTOWN, W.Va. -- The late West Virginia Sen. Robert C. Byrd is well known and for the most part, well respected within the state, and the author of a new book about Byrd is hoping to foster understanding of the senator's role on the national stage.
David Corbin has a unique and very personal perspective of Sen. Robert Byrd. For 26 years Corbin worked on Capitol Hill, 16 in Byrd's office on the leadership staff and as a speech writer.
Corbin was in college when he first encountered Byrd. He was an anti-Vietnam War activist protesting Byrd's support for the conflict.
The second encounter came in 1983 when Corbin was teaching history at the University of Maryland and received a congressional fellowship to work in the senator's office under the sponsorship of the American Historical Association.
"I did not know what to expect because as an anti-war activist I was involved in protest against Sen. Byrd so I did not how he'd feel about that and I did not know how I'd feel about working for him," Corbin said.
"Also I was very much aware of what the press always portrayed as his racist, conservative views and I was a lot further to the left," he said
Corbin quickly learned Byrd was nothing like the man he envisioned and didn't fit the stereotype portrayed in the media.
Corbin said probably the biggest misunderstanding about Byrd is that he was a racist and segregationist. Corbin used research with original sources like Congressional records, letters and other documents to debunk the claim, pointing out that when Byrd came to the Senate he hired African-American staffers.
"His was only one of 19 offices of 534 Congressional offices that had African-American staffers," Corbin said. "Byrd used his patronage powers to appoint the very first African-American to the Capitol police force. So he's using his patronage powers to hire African Americans."
Byrd was often criticized for voting against Civil Rights bills in the 1950's and 1960's and Corbin hopes the book sets the record straight.
"He voted for the '57 Civil Rights bill, he voted for the '60 Civil Rights bill," Corbin said.
In the first two chapters Corbin takes readers back to 1920s, '30s and '40s southern West Virginia where Byrd grew up, started his political career and briefly joined the Ku Klux Klan. Corbin said Byrd used three unconventional weapons to build that career: the fiddle, the grocery store and the church.
"He turns all three into very important political tools, and he would never lose an election, he just steamrolls himself through Raleigh County politics, state politics, eventually the United States Senate, each one adapting to the situation," Corbin said.
The fiddle, which Byrd began playing as a child, drew crowds who then heard a political speech. Through his Raleigh County grocery store Byrd helped striking miners by extending them credit when other stores wouldn't. This made them loyal to him at the ballot box. And Byrd became a Southern Baptist Sunday school teacher and eventually a radio preacher, delivering God's word with his unique speaking style to hundreds of voters each week.
In 1960 Byrd opposed a young, Catholic Massachusetts Sen. John F. Kennedy, in his bid for the Democratic presidential nomination. Corbin said because of this opposition Byrd was portrayed as an anti-Catholic, racist hillbilly.