LOS ANGELES - The task of encapsulating the essence of Abraham Lincoln in a single film took Steven Spielberg roughly three times as long as it took the 16th president to win the Civil War, abolish slavery and put the country on the course to recovery.
Creating such a historical epic may not compare to the colossal task of saving a bloodily divided nation. But by Hollywood standards, "Lincoln" is as monumental as it gets, even for a couple of multiple Academy Award winners as Spielberg and the man he chose to play the president, Daniel Day-Lewis.
Born in Britain, Day-Lewis had to think about Lincoln not only as a towering historical figure but also as a foreign statesman whose portrayal would be a sensitive matter for U.S. audiences that revere the president.
"Because of the nature of the iconography surrounding his life and the extent to which he is mythologized and carved in stone, it's very difficult to imagine that one could ever approach him, to get close enough," Day-Lewis said in a recent interview alongside Spielberg.
Spielberg had long considered a film about Lincoln. He did not want to tell the whole life story, from Lincoln's rail-splitting days as a youth to his assassination right after the war ended.
He also did not want to make a Civil War film loaded with grand battles or tell the story of a war through one man's eyes. Spielberg already had done similar stories set in World War II with "Schindler's List," the Holocaust saga that won him best-picture and director Oscars, and "Saving Private Ryan," the combat epic that brought him his second directing trophy.
His approach began to coalesce in 1999 when he met with historian Doris Kearns Goodwin, who was in the early stages of writing her mammoth book "Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln," a detailed chronicle of the unlikely alliances Lincoln formed with political opponents who initially considered him an unqualified upstart.
Her book traced the careers of Lincoln and his three competitors for the 1860 Republican presidential nomination and followed his White House years during the war through his assassination five years later. The notion of a politician turning bitter rivals into supporters and facilitators struck Spielberg as the ideal way to present the spirit of Lincoln.
Spielberg acquired film rights to Goodwin's book when only a few chapters had been written. As Goodwin labored away on the writing, Spielberg had to condense what would become a 950-page account into a story that could play out on the screen in two and a half hours.
An early draft of the screenplay by playwright Tony Kushner ("Angels in America") ran to 550 pages.
"It was a miniseries, not a motion picture," Spielberg said. "Brilliant pages, but certainly not a single motion picture or any practical motion picture. But from all of those pages, what stood out to me and really was shockingly apparent was almost the nexus of his entire existence as the president, which was abolishing slavery by a constitutional amendment, the 13th Amendment.