The resurgence of the American manufacturing sector has been an underlying theme for everything from President Obama's reelection campaign to Chrysler's soaring Super Bowl commercial starring Clint Eastwood.
But for all the hopes of creating millions of new jobs where hardworking Americans show up at a factory each morning and earn an honest living making things for the world to buy, the most recent evidence has been a disappointment.
The U.S. manufacturing sector isn't collapsing, but it is definitely flat-lining.
The Institute for Supply Management said recently that its index of activity at manufacturers rose to 51.5, from 49.6 the previous month.
In that survey, numbers above 50 signal expansion, so the rise was welcome. But it followed three months of contraction and reflects weak growth compared to the recent past.
Last year, the index averaged 55.2.
"Sales have tanked over the last two months, bringing a very concerned and stressed management team," said an unnamed apparel and leather goods manufacturer quoted in the ISM's announcement. "Not very optimistic for the near-term future."
Other indicators paint a similar picture of a sector that is showing little growth.
Industrial production by manufacturers fell in June, July and August at a 1.4 percent annual rate.
The same story is evident in employment: The factory sector added an average of 5,000 jobs nationally each month this summer; in 2011, it averaged 19,000 per month.
What manufacturing recovery?
The good news, if it can be called that, is that the United States is not alone. The slowdown is a worldwide one, reflecting a soft global economy.
China's manufacturing sector contracted for the 11th straight month in September, according to a survey of purchasing managers by HSBC Holdings and Markit Economics released early this week.
A survey in Japan also showed more pessimism among manufacturers in that nation.