TODAY marks Constitution and Citizenship Day as Americans reflect on the Constitution on the 226th anniversary of its adoption.
America owes much to the Iroquois and the British, who fought against America during the Revolutionary War.
The Constitutional Convention set three branches of government - Congress, the presidency and the U.S. Supreme Court - to serve as checks and balances on one another.
But genius was born out of necessity and compromise. The Continental Congress had created the Articles of Confederation, which was too weak to protect Americans from Barbary pirates and other foreign problems.
The Constitutional Conventioneers included many signers of the Declaration of Independence, but this time, the young nation was divided.
The main problem was people in small states wanted each state to have an equal vote in Congress, while populous states wanted votes based on population.
After lengthy debate they compromised and adopted a bicameral Congress consisting of a House of Representatives and a Senate.
Historian Gerald Murphy said the U.S. Constitution owes a lot to the Iroquois Confederation of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca and Tuscarora tribes, which began at least 200 years earlier, ending internecine wars among a common people.