In January 2011, the state Supreme Court debuted a database that links with the FBI's National Instant Criminal Background Check System, which federally licensed firearms shops use to determine whether a prospective buyer is eligible to make purchases. The national background-check system was established under the 1993 Brady Bill.
The state database involves information on people who have been involuntarily committed to a mental institution, said Supreme Court Administrator Steve Canterbury. Court records on such cases are confidential under state code, he said.
On Wednesday, Sparks said there was a delay at the state level in reporting information to the national database that would have disqualified Maynard from gun ownership.
"You can't delay reporting if something doesn't exist," Canterbury said. "We did not have a connecting system to NICS until 2011."
County mental hygiene commissioners are directed within 72 hours of an involuntary commitment to enter data that's automatically sent on to NICS.
Data collected starting in December 2009 didn't appear in the database until early 2011.
Before 2011, data reporting was considered voluntary, "but there was none," Canterbury said. "To the best of my knowledge, nobody was ever reported from West Virginia before January 2011."
Canterbury said FBI data show that 139 people have been denied firearms purchases nationwide due to mental health data submitted to the NICS system from West Virginia. That includes 120 people denied in West Virginia and 19 out of state.
Maynard was shot and wounded by a Mingo County deputy in a chase following the April 3 attack on Crum. State police say he crashed his car into a bridge in his hometown of Delbarton, then got out and pointed a weapon at the deputy, who shot him in self-defense.
State Police have said Maynard is up and moving at a Huntington hospital. Authorities have charged Maynard in state court with first-degree murder and attempted murder.