In 2012, Thornsbury tried to get Woodruffcharged with assault and battery, even though he was the one beaten by two other men, the indictment states.
Thornsbury told the county prosecutor to make sure Woodruff received a six-month sentence, which the indictment says would be an "extraordinarily harsh punishment" even if he had been guilty.
Days before the case was scheduled to begin, the prosecutor dropped all charges.
Trooper of the Year
In 2009, the same year Moore allegedly lied to a grand jury to help Thornsbury's scheme, he was named Trooper of the Year.
He received the honor from the West Virginia Troopers Association in part because of his astute work in drug cases, including a drug round up that February that led to more than 162 felony charges, according to Daily Mail records.
The federal indictment accuses Moore of telling a grand jury a drug informant told him about Robert Woodruff stealing from his employer. Moore isn't facing federal charges but that he would face administrative action.
Sgt. Michael Baylous, State Police spokesman, said no administrative action had been taken against Moore until now. An internal investigation was launched and Moore is on paid administrative leave.
"We continually strive to maintain the confidence and respect of the public and have strict policies and procedures in place to investigate and deal with allegations of misconduct," Col. Jay Smithers, State Police superintendent, said in a release. "Our administrative process is completely independent of the criminal process, not only in terms of the investigation itself, but also in terms of any potential outcomes."
Talk of the town
Williamson attorney Jerry Lyall formerly worked as one of Thornsbury's law clerks.
"We're devastated by this," he said, sitting in a folding chair at the Mountaineer Barbershop in downtown Williamson.
Lyall began working for Thornsbury in 2002 while he attended law school at Berea College in Kentucky. He remained on the job for two years. During that time he also worked with Kim Woodruff until she left for a job with Massey Coal.
"Kim was efficient. She ran a tight ship," he said.
Lyall said Thornsbury often worked late into the evening, trying to sort out his docket.
"He's the workingest judge in the state," Lyall said.
He continued to appear before Thornsbury as a private attorney and said Thornsbury was always fair.
He heard rumors Thornsbury and Woodruff were having an affair, but never witnessed anything untoward. He noted, however, that their offices were connected.
Thornsbury was led into his initial appearance before U.S. Magistrate Dwane Tinsley in chains Thursday afternoon. He stood with his lawyer, Stephen Jory of Elkins, when he addressed the judge.
He was released on $10,000 unsecured bond. He will be arraigned at 10 a.m. Wednesday.
Writers Zack Harold and Ashley B. Craig contributed to this report.